Autism spectrum disorder is a disorder in the development of person’s communication and behaviour. The symptoms of autism spectrum disorders generally can be seen in the first two year of life, therefore is also said to be a developmental disorder.
Individuals with autism have difficulty communicating, forming relationships together with others and find it difficult to make sense of the world about them. Autism is a lifelong brain disorder that’s typically diagnosed in early childhood. Repetitive behaviours are common across the spectrum, which include Asperger’s Syndrome. This is one form of autism wherein speech development and IQ are normal, but wherein social disability might be compounded by depression or other mental wellness problems. Autism is a spectrum disorder that varies symptoms, severity and impact from one person to another and which range from those without limited speech and limited cognitive capability to those of high IQ and usually extremely focused interests and abilities. Many people with autism demonstrate significantly challenging behaviors. A Differentiation is made in assessing the requirements of individuals with autism between those who’ve an IQ of less than 70, who’re described as low functioning and classified as having a learning disability, and those who’ve an IQ above 70 who’re frequently described as high functioning. Boys are 4 times less unlikely to be diagnosed with autism than girls.
Autism spectrum disorders may include these following symptoms:
- Making little or inconsistent eye contact
- Tending not to look at or listen to people
- Rarely sharing enjoyment of objects or activities by pointing or showing things to others
- Failing to, or being slow to, respond to someone calling their name or to other verbal attempts to gain attention
- Having difficulties with the back and forth of conversation
- Often talking at length about a favorite subject without noticing that others are not interested or without giving others a chance to respond
- Having facial expressions, movements, and gestures that do not match what is being said
- Having an unusual tone of voice that may sound sing-song or flat and robot-like
- Having trouble understanding another person’s point of view or being unable to predict or understand other people’s action
- Repeating certain behaviors or having unusual behaviors.
While researcher are still searching for the exact causes of autism spectrum disorder, research suggests that genes can act together with influences from the environment to affect development in ways that lead to autism spectrum disorder. Some major risk factors include:
- Having a sibling with autism spectrum disorder
- Having older parents
- Having certain genetic conditions—people with conditions such as Down syndrome, fragile X syndrome, and Rett syndrome are more likely than others to have autism spectrum disorders
- Very low birth weight
It is crucial sensitively in route and when contemplating a diagnosis the family can develop a rapport with the experts and that info is shared. It is important to find Language and Speech Therapists who’ve a particular interest in adults and children with autistic spectrum disorders who will provide some experience in providing a treatment program to support the person and supporting the appraisal procedures. Managers of speech therapists may have a professional interest within this group of kids and teenagers and take pride in striving to ensure that they know about the most recent approaches in order that therapists are advised to use a personalized combination of those approaches to fit the kid, young person and their family.