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Obesity and Bariatric Surgery

OBESITY AND BARIATRIC SURGERY

Obesity is a chronic disease involving an excessive amount of body fat that poses a significant threat to human health; and more and more Americans are feeling the effects of it. In fact, the U.S. Surgeon general describes obesity as being at epidemic proportions.

  • 35 percent of women and 31 percent of men are considered seriously overweight
  • 15 percent of children between the ages of six and 19 are overweight
  • Obesity accounts for an estimated 300,000 premature deaths in the U.S.

It increases your risk of diseases and health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes and high blood pressure.

Obesity is diagnosed when your body mass index (BMI) is 30 or higher. Your body mass index is calculated by dividing your weight in kilograms (kg) by your height in meters (m) squared.

BMI Weight status
Below 18.5

18.5-24.9

25.0-29.9

30.0-34.9

35.0-39.9

40.0 and higher

Underweight

Normal

Overweight

Obese (Class I)

Obese (Class II)

Extreme obesity (Class III)

What is Bariatric Surgery?For most people, BMI provides a reasonable estimate of body fat. However, BMI doesn’t directly measure body fat, so some people, such as muscular athletes, may have a BMI in the obese category even though they don’t have excess body fat. Ask your doctor if your BMI is a problem.

Bariatric weight loss surgery provides an excellent, sometimes lifesaving, option for people who are severely obese and cannot lose weight by traditional means, as well as those who suffer from serious obesity-related health issues. These types of surgery promotes weight loss by restricting food intake or a combination of restrictive food intake and interrupting the digestive process.

When obesity becomes a chronic condition, in which a person’s health is affected, and is difficult to treat through health diet and exercise, weight-loss surgery options may be recommended by your doctor. Bariatric surgery can help patients improve the quality of their life and resolve or improve many serious obesity-related issues, such as:

  • Type 2 diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Sleep apnea conditions and other sleep disturbances
  • Swelling and pain of legs and joints
  • Fertility issues
  • Cholesterol-levels and other blood lipids which cause risks of heart attack and strokes

As in other obesity treatments, the most successful results are achieved by adopting healthy eating behaviors and getting regular physical activity.

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Obesity is a chronic disease involving an excessive amount of body fat that poses a significant threat to human health; and more and more Americans are feeling the effects of ...
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