While talking to your kid, you noticed an occasional stutter. Could your kid have a problem? And if so, what should you do? It is smart to intervene quickly. An assessment by a certified speech pathologist can help determine if your child is having troubles. Speech disorders affect a person’s ability to form the sounds that allow them to communicate with other people. They are not the same as language disorders.
Speech disorders prevent people from forming correct speech sounds, while language disorders affect a person’s ability to learn words or understand what others say to them
Speech therapy is the remedy for most children with speech disorders or language disorders. A language disorder identifies a problem with the actual creation of sounds. This disorder identifies a problem together to communicate thoughts.
Speech disorders include:
Articulation disorders: problems producing sounds in syllables or stating words wrongly to the stage that listeners cannot understand what’s being said.
Fluency disorders: issues such as stuttering, wherein the stream of speech is disrupted by abnormal stoppages, partial word repetitions, or prolonging sounds and syllables.
Resonance or voice disorders: issues using the pitch, volume, or quality of the voice which distract listeners from what’s being said. These kinds of disorders can also cause discomfort or pain for a young kid when speaking.
Language disorders can be either expressive or receptive:
Receptive ailments: difficulties understanding or processing speech.
Expressive ailments: problem putting words together, restricted vocabulary, or inability to use speech in a socially acceptable manner.
Cognitive communication disorders: difficulty with rhetoric abilities which involve memory, attention, understanding, business, regulation, and problem-solving.
Dysphagia/oral feeding disorders: disorders in the way someone eats or drinks, including problems with chewing, swallowing, coughing, gagging, and refusing foods.
Specialists in Speech Therapy: Speech-language pathologists(SLPs), often informally called language therapists, are professionals trained in the analysis of human communication, its development, and its ailments. They hold at least a master’s degree and state certification/licensure in the field, and a certificate of clinical competence from the ASHA (American Speech-Language-Hearing Association).
SLPs assess speech, language, cognitive-communication, and oral/feeding/swallowing skills to identify types of communication problems and the best manner to treat them.
In speech-language therapy, an SLP will work with a young kid one-on-one, in a little group, or directly in a classroom to overcome issues involved with a specific disorder.
Therapists use a wide range of strategies, including Speech intervention activities:
The SLP will interact using a young kid by playing and talking, using pictures, books, objects, or ongoing events to stimulate speech development.
The therapist can also model correct vocabulary and grammar and use repetition exercises to build speech skills.
Articulation therapy: Articulation, or sound production, exercises involve having the therapist model right sounds and syllables in words and phrases for a young kid, frequently during play activities. The level of play is age acceptable and related to the kid’s specific needs.
The SLP will physically show the kid how to make certain sounds, like the r sound, and might demonstrate how to move the language to produce specific sounds.
Oral motor/feeding and swallowing therapy: The SLP can use a variety of oral exercises such as facial massage and various tongue, lip, and jaw exercises to strengthen the muscles of the mouth to eat, drinking, and swallowing.